The responsiveness of fiscal policy to political and economic conditions which prevail nationally and in the provinces is examined over the 1960-79 period. The central hypothesis is fiscal policy instruments, which are typically thought of in terms of economic stabilization policy, are not (often) used for such purposes. Rather, fiscal economic stabilization policy at both the federal and provincial levels is responsive to political conditions. To the extent that this hypothesis is an accurate reflection of reality, one of its major implications is then that federal-provincial coordination of fiscal policy is, at best, unlikely. This hypothesis as well as its implications for federal-provincial coordination of fiscal stabilization policy is generally evidenced for the 1960 to 1979 period.