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As the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) noted in June of 2015, “(t)he promise of reconciliation, which seemed so imminent back in 2008 when the prime minister, on behalf of all Canadians, apologized to (Residential School) Survivors, has faded.” However, the TRC report as well as the election of new federal government have been the source of some renewed optimism. This paper deals with reconciliation in the context of the Crown’s “duty to consult” Aboriginal peoples in matters affecting the rights of Indigenous persons and communities. The central argument of this paper is that, to date, attempts at reconciliation through the existing Canadian Constitutional and legal paradigms have failed. This is partially because the guarantee of Aboriginal rights in the Constitution is under-inclusive, and partially because Aboriginal communities and the Crown generally ascribe different meanings to Treaty, reconciliation, and the substantive content of the duty to consult.